Introduction to Disease Paradigm

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Most people infected with the virus experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. However, some become seriously ill and require medical attention. Older people and those with underlying medical conditions like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, or cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.


  1. WHO: Coronavirus (

Disease Prevalence

Globally, as of 22 April 2022, there have been 505,817,953 confirmed cases of COVID-19, including 6,213,876 deaths, reported to WHO.

In India, as of 25th April 2022, there have been 43,060,086 confirmed cases and 42,521,341 recovered cases.


  1. Data from: CDC · WHO · ECDC dashboard

Treatment Modalities

Mild symptoms of COVID can be managed at home. Care should be taken to prevent the spread of the infection. For moderate- severe cases, healthcare professional will recommend a monoclonal antibody, antivirals as appropriate.